Download Language, Cohesion and Form (Studies in Natural Language by Margaret Masterman PDF

By Margaret Masterman

ISBN-10: 0511136781

ISBN-13: 9780511136788

ISBN-10: 0521454891

ISBN-13: 9780521454896

As a pioneer in computational linguistics, operating within the earliest days of language processing by way of machine, Margaret Masterman believed that that means, no longer grammar, used to be the foremost to realizing languages, and that machines may verify the that means of sentences. This quantity brings jointly Masterman's groundbreaking papers for the 1st time, demonstrating the significance of her paintings within the philosophy of technology and the character of iconic languages. This ebook can be of key curiosity to scholars of computational linguistics and synthetic intelligence.

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But is S adopting a new logical unit, as contrasted with that of T? Clearly. The logical unit that S is feeling for is that of the total spread, or Use, of the concept ‘know’. T is adopting, as his logical unit, one, not very common, usage of the Use (‘know’ as contrasted with ‘think’, or with ‘should be inclined to judge’, or with ‘guess’); and T is assuming that only this usage of the total Use of ‘know’ is such that it can be logically used. But T’s selection of this usage as the only possible one is based upon coherence principles, not correspondence ones; for, as S keeps saying, ‘know’ is not used mainly or exclusively in this usage in ordinary language.

3. ’ It was contended, at the beginning of the last section, that it was not enough for the philosopher of language just to ‘keep up with’ the logical revelations made by the philosophic linguist. The reason for this contention must be now made clearer. It is that logical revelations are interconnected. We cannot, for instance, allow ourselves to be logically impressed by forming a new conception of what a word is, without finding our new conception of what a statement is. For the logical ferment caused within us by reimagining words will not bound its action so as only to apply to our thinking about words.

Similarly, the Chinese have our Oxford Dictionary ‘words’; but they envisage these as compounds – what we think of as phrases. They have no distinctive concept in common use by means of which to describe them, and when they occur in a statement there is no ideographic way of indicating the fact. After this beginning, it is no wonder that Chao, with Chinese in mind, finds himself obliged to disentangle seven or eight logical conceptions of a word. All of these, except the European word, the Chinese phrase or ‘free word’ are variations of, or subdivisions of, tzu4.

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Language, Cohesion and Form (Studies in Natural Language Processing) by Margaret Masterman


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