Download Civilization and Capitalism, Volume 1: 15th-18th Century by Fernand Braudel PDF

By Fernand Braudel

ISBN-10: 0002163039

ISBN-13: 9780002163033

The 1st quantity during this fantastically illustrated and hugely acclaimed fiscal and social historical past of the area from the center a while to the commercial Revolution covers the richness and complexity of way of life - nutrition, drink, costume, housing, funds, the improvement of cities - with the means of a pointilliste.


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Extra info for Civilization and Capitalism, Volume 1: 15th-18th Century

Example text

He calculated that they each commanded a human . 68 Times have changed. A France prematurely overpopulated As we go along, many other comparisons will suggest equally important ex­ planations . Suppose that the world population in about 1 600 was an eighth of its present total and that the population of France (calculated on its present-day political boundaries) was 20 million, which is probable but not absolutely certain. 69 If both countries had increased at the average world rate, England would number 40 million inhabitants today and France 1 60 million.

79 It is worth stressing how disproportionate, how ridiculously small the inhabited world really is. Man leaves nine-tenths of the globe empty, often through force of circumstance, but also out of neglect and because history, which is an unending series of efforts, has decided otherwise. 'Men did not spread evenly over the world like a layer of oil,' writes Vidal de La Blache, ' but originally clustered together like coral polyp s ' : that is by piling up 'layer upon layer' at certain points ' to build reefs of human population'.

It is no more reasonable to give Asia in r650 both the lowest figure in the tables (250 or 2 5 7 Weight of Numbers 43 million) and the very high figure of 3 30 rather hastily accepted by Carr Saunders . Africa certainly had a hardy population in the middle of the seventeenth century. It withstood the increasing drain caused from the middle of the sixteenth century by the slave trade to America, while the earlier drain towards Islamic countries did not cease until the twentieth century. It can only have done so by virtue of some sort of biological strength.

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Civilization and Capitalism, Volume 1: 15th-18th Century by Fernand Braudel

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