By Massimo Poesio, Roland Stuckardt, Yannick Versley
This e-book lays out a course prime from the linguistic and cognitive fundamentals, to classical rule-based and computer studying algorithms, to today’s cutting-edge ways, which use complicated empirically grounded recommendations, computerized wisdom acquisition, and sophisticated linguistic modeling to make a true distinction in real-world functions. Anaphora and coreference solution either confer with the method of linking textual words (and, as a result, the data hooked up to them) inside of in addition to throughout sentence barriers, and to a similar discourse referent.
The booklet bargains an summary of contemporary examine advances, concentrating on sensible, operational techniques and their purposes. partly I (Background), it offers a common creation, which succinctly summarizes the linguistic, cognitive, and computational foundations of anaphora processing and the foremost classical rule- and machine-learning-based anaphora answer algorithms. Acknowledging the valuable value of shared assets, half II (Resources) covers annotated corpora, formal review, preprocessing expertise, and off-the-shelf anaphora solution platforms. half III (Algorithms) presents an intensive description of state of the art anaphora answer algorithms, protecting more advantageous computing device studying tools in addition to ideas for attaining vital subtasks comparable to point out detection and acquisition of suitable wisdom. half IV (Applications) bargains with a range of significant anaphora and coreference solution functions, discussing specific eventualities in assorted domain names and distilling a best-practice version for systematically forthcoming new software situations. within the concluding half V (Outlook), in line with a survey performed one of the contributing authors, the customers of the study box of anaphora processing are mentioned, and promising new components of interdisciplinary cooperation and rising program eventualities are identified.
Given the book’s layout, it may be used either as an accompanying textual content for complicated lectures in computational linguistics, normal language engineering, and machine technology, and as a reference paintings for learn and self sustaining research. It addresses an viewers that incorporates educational researchers, college teachers, postgraduate scholars, complex undergraduate scholars, commercial researchers, and software program engineers.
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Extra info for Anaphora Resolution: Algorithms, Resources, and Applications
This semantics can be translated as follows: a new file card xi is added to the discourse model and asserted to be identical with the unique object of type p (in the context). y/. Crucially for what follows, the file card for discourse entity x contains all information that is known in the context about x. Thus for instance after reading the first sentence of example (24) our Universe of Discourse will contain an entity xi whose file card will contain the information that her name is Miss Watson, that she is the sister of the widow, that she is an old maid, etc.
A new file card xi is added to the discourse model and noted as needing resolution via the condition xi D‹. This update is formally written Œxi ; jxi D‹. Resolution leads to this condition being replaced with an equality with the file card of the anchor. ) this is the type of referring expression on which there is the least agreement. Most researchers believe that definite descriptions have a uniqueness presupposition: the existence of an object of type P is presupposed instead of asserted, and furthermore this object is meant to be unique [6, 117].
Between expressions rather than with respect to discourse entities)—indeed, this seems to be the use of the term in the well-known . Other researchers use the term anaphora to indicate the study of pronominal interpretation, reserving the term coreference for the study of anaphoric reference via proper names. Second, with the first MUC initiative the term coreference was introduced for a task which is closely related (although not identical with) the task of anaphoric resolution. As a result, the term ‘coreference’ has become in CL virtually synonymous with anaphora.
Anaphora Resolution: Algorithms, Resources, and Applications by Massimo Poesio, Roland Stuckardt, Yannick Versley