By John Borrie, Vanessa Martin Randin
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Additional info for Alternative Approaches in Multilateral Decision Making: Disarmament As Humanitarian Action
It is about whether a given weapon is appropriate for the mission while knowing the lethality and permanent injury likely to occur in the execution of that mission. This is the central issue when considering the legality of any weapons whether for law enforcement or for military use in armed conflict according to human rights law or IHL respectively. 13 There is no exception for weapons deemed “non-lethal”. 14 One major concern, supported by examining the use of “non-lethal” weapons according to the model, is that if such weapons 44 are used in armed conflict they could increase lethality on the battlefield by simply elevating the vulnerability of combatants to the effects of conventional weapons.
48 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 N. Taback and R. Coupland, “Towards Collation and Modelling of the Global Cost of Armed Violence on Civilians”, Medicine, Conflict and Survival, Vol. 21, 2005, pp. 19-27. Small Arms Survey, Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. ICRC/Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies (PSIS), State Collapse and Reconstruction: Lessons and Strategies, report of a conference held under the auspices of the ICRC and PSIS, Geneva, 7-9 December 2000.
Thinking outside the box” in pursuit of more effective multilateral outcomes requires more than increasing resources or proclamations of political commitment: it requires examining the conditions under which negotiations occur, and optimizing them to respond to current challenges. Past working practices and assumptions should be regularly reviewed to check that they actually make sense in the contexts to which they are applied. To this end an alternative has been suggested, and that is to examine the multilateral “community of practice” within which negotiators work, and the way in which this contributes to shaping the choices, for better or for worse, that negotiators make.
Alternative Approaches in Multilateral Decision Making: Disarmament As Humanitarian Action by John Borrie, Vanessa Martin Randin