Category Archives: Russian & Former Soviet Union

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The Disintegration of the Soviet Union: A Study in the Rise

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Soviet society became a class-conscious state where communist elites had special access to goods, services, and housing. To know that I was doing what Jews have done for over 3,000 years… I was privy to circumcisions done in Russia in secret. Hilda and I, after getting Dennis’s permission, decided to celebrate at camp. President Bush traveled to Moscow in January 1993, to sign the START II agreement, which codified the nuclear reductions outlined during President Yeltsin's visit to Washington the previous summer.
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Religion and the Early Modern State: Views from China,

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As early as 1858 Friedrich Engels had drawn attention to the “embourgeoisement” of the proletariat, especially that of Britain. Diamond and others have noted how important it was that these “global democratic norms” came to be “reflected in regional and international institutions and agreements as never before.” [10] Those norms had an impact on the internal political processes of countries, making it harder for authoritarians to weather political and economic storms and easier for democratic movements to gain legitimacy.
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Octobrists in the Third Duma, 1907-12 (Publications on

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It functioned within most progressive social movements and laid its greatest emphasis on trade union work. Zilber would take an eraser and throw it at us, usually aiming for our heads. I said, 'Joseph, we're going to write an introduction to Judaism.' He thought, 'You've got to be kidding.' I said, 'We've got better answers.'... Thus she lists her reservations about the forced collectivization of the peasantry, the proclamation of the end to the class struggle in the USSR in the 1930s [!], the abolition of abortion in 1936, the stress upon Great Russian chauvinism in the Patriotic War, the resurgence of anti-Semitism in the postwar period, the mass incarcerations and executions.
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Trade and Economic Contacts Between the Volga and Kama

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I have only warm feelings for those years. It posed the principal strategic task for the Communist Party as the need to forge an alliance with the African National Congress. A student demonstration for democracy was gathering steam in Beijing just as Gorbachev arrived, and the Chinese authorities blamed much of this unrest on the new Soviet policies. She continued: "If the matter concerned me alone, I would have left long ago. Seventy years of living in a land without imports or major foreign trade made the people of Kazakhstan rely heavily on their Soviet neighbors and on producing for themselves.
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Federalism and Conflict in the Caucasus (Central Asian and

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Article 9 of the law "On the Armed Forces of the Azerbaijani Republic," adopted in October 1991, offers 24 months of alternative civil service to men between the ages of 18 and 25 "for reasons of conscience," six months longer service than a regular tour in the armed forces. Meanwhile, the conservative and anti-communist movement in America was divided as to how to react and present the news of renewed relations with the People’s Republic of China to their supporters.
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Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution: The Remarkable

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The next Estimate, Afghanistan: The War in Perspective, SNIE 11/37-38, November 1989 (Document 14), came to a different conclusion, asserting that the Kabul regime, though "weak, unpopular, and factionalized," would "probably remain in power over the next 12 months." He seemed to have believed that although eastern Europe had fallen under the influence of Russia, she would keep her promise (made at Yalta) by setting up freely-elected parliamentary governments in the area.
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Empire of Corruption: The Russian National Pastime

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Nearly 40 years were to pass before a comparably ambitious and ruthless ruler appeared on the Russian throne. To be meaningful, national liberation must necessarily entail the restoration of the land to the indigenous people. The governing of the country was, in theory, to be done by local and regional democratically elected soviets. The village was also called Sofievka, after a German-born mother of a Russian czar who sanctioned the establishment of Jewish agricultural colonies, including Trochimbrod, in the beginning of the 19th century.
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The International Politics of Eurasia: v. 6: The Nuclear

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So some Russian experts think that the cost of shale gas is, in fact, not much higher than the cost of Gazprom’s conventional gas 38. In the late 1980s, under the reforms established by President Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union pledged to increase religious freedom for all believers. I asked why he thought the ban was necessary. In the United States, too, Marx's ideas influenced a generation of reformers during the Progressive Era (out of which came modern central banking and the progressive income tax), the New Deal, and the Great Society — and continues to infect departments of literature and sociology in major universities.
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Revolution and Reform in Russia and Iran (International

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Under Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union emerged from World War II (known in the Soviet Union as the Great Patriotic War ) as a major world power, with a territory including the Baltic States and a significant portion of the territory of pre-war Poland, together with a substantial sphere of influence in Eastern Europe (see Soviet Empire ). Their only son, Jacob, was captured by the Nazis, but as the legend has it, when the Germans offered Stalin to trade his son for the German General Paulus, Stalin replied, “I don’t trade a general for a soldier.” In 1943, Jacob was killed in the Sachsenhausen German concentration camp when he ran into an electric fence.
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White King and Red Queen: How the Cold War Was Fought on the

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Soviet leaders argued that one party rule was necessary because it ensured that 'capitalist exploitation' would not return to the Soviet Union and that the principles of Democratic Centralism would represent the people's will. ^ Soviet Union to restrict the movement of people. In 1921 Lenin proposed the New Economic Policy, a system of state capitalism that started the process of industrialisation and recovery from the Civil War. The reported arrest of the once-untouchable Gulnara Karimova, 44, came after a war of words played out in the international media during which she accused her mother and younger sister of sorcery, and assailed the country's security chief on Twitter for harbouring presidential ambitions.
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